Being overweight and obese puts us at risk for chronic diseases. Find out more about the 7 health conditions linked to overweight and obesity and how you can prevent them.
When your body mass index (BMI) is 30 or higher, you are considered obese. Obese people are more likely to suffer from the following serious diseases and health conditions than healthy weight or normal weight people:
Heart disease and stroke
Gallbladder disease and gallstones
People with breathing problems, such as sleep apnea and asthma.
It is not true that everyone who is obese suffers from these problems. You are more likely to develop one of these conditions if you have a family history of it. Also, where your weight is may matter. You may be more at risk if most of your extra weight is around your stomach (the "apple" shape), rather than your hips and buttocks if you have a "pear" shape.
Being overweight and obese are linked to seven health conditions.
Heart Disease and Stroke
High blood pressure and high cholesterol are more likely to occur when you are overweight. It is more likely that you will develop heart disease or stroke if you have either of those conditions.
It's good news that losing a little weight can reduce your risk of developing heart disease and stroke. It has been shown that losing even more weight reduces the risk even further.
Type 2 Diabetes
Overweight or obese people are most likely to develop type 2 diabetes. Losing weight, eating a balanced diet, getting adequate sleep, and exercising more can reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.You can control your blood sugar levels by losing weight and becoming more physically active if you have type 2 diabetes. It may also be possible to reduce your need for diabetes medications by becoming more active.
Obesity has been shown to increase the risk of colon cancer, breast cancer (after menopause), endometrial cancer, kidney cancer, and esophageal cancer. Studies have also linked obesity to cancers of the gallbladder, ovaries, and pancreas.
Overweight people are more likely to develop gallbladder disease and gallstones.You are more likely to get gallstones if you lose a lot of weight quickly or rapidly lose a lot of weight. Gallstones are less likely to form if you lose weight gradually.
The most common joint condition that causes osteoarthritis is knee, hip, or back pain. Extra body weight places extra pressure on these joints, causing cartilage (tissue cushioning the joints) to wear away. Osteoarthritis symptoms may be improved with weight loss, which eases pressure on the knees, hips, and lower back.
Gout is a disease that affects the joints. Having too much uric acid in your blood causes it. When there is too much uric acid in the body, it can deposit as crystals in the joints. Overweight people are more likely to suffer from gout.
Sudden weight changes may be linked to gout flare-ups in the short term. Losing weight helps to reduce the level of uric acid and the pain associated with it.
An overweight person is at risk for sleeping apnea, a breathing condition. People with sleep apnea may snore loudly and briefly stop breathing at night. As a result of sleep apnea, you may be sleepy during the day and more likely to suffer from heart disease and stroke. Sleep apnea is often improved by losing weight.
Conclusion: Whatever may be the health conditions that are caused by obesity or overweight can be successfully managed by lifestyle modifications, including diet and workouts. It is also important to know that sudden weight loss is not good; it should be gradual. Even a small weight loss makes a huge difference. If you're achieving a normal body weight as per your age and height, you may live a happy and healthy life.
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